in 1773 ad,emperor qianlong formally ordered the opening of siku quanshuguan.sent some royal princes and bachelors to serve as presidents,most of the relatives and relatives of the imperial family play a supervisory role.those who really served as editors were some well-known scholars at that time,people like dai zhen, yao nai, ji yun (yún) and others.the name of the series is called "si ku quan shu".
in ancient my country, books were often divided into four major categories: jing, history, zi, and ji: jingbu,including traditional confucian classics (like "the book of songs", "the analects", "mencius", etc.) and books that study the phonology of characters; the history department,including various books on history, geography, biography, etc.; subsection,including ancient scholars' 100 schools of thought and scientific and technological works,like agronomy, medicine, astronomy, calendar, algorithm, art, etc.;包括文学收藏和特殊作品。还有另一种方式是找到这样的话,just delete, change and smear at any time,such,although the book is preserved,but it has been completely unrecognizable.for this,emperor qianlong was racking his brains.according to incomplete statistics,while compiling "siku quanshu",there are as many as 3,000 books that have been banned and burned.
但是,乾隆帝懂得,光靠文字狱来实行文化统治是不彻底的。如果里面有不利他们统治的内容,该用什么办法来解决呢。公元1757年,原来已归服清朝廷的准噶尔贵族阿睦尔撒纳发动叛乱。仅仅两年后有二十多个000种再加上宫殿里原本大量的书籍,数量可观。稍后再检查一次在宋代人的作品中还有很多针对辽的内容, 斤, 和元朝这种内容很容易让人想起反对清朝的人,还应该被摧毁,或销毁其中的一部分。准噶尔平定以后,原来被准噶尔俘虏的维吾尔族首领大和卓木(又名布那敦),小和卓木(又名霍集占)兄弟逃回新疆天山南路,起兵反清。乾隆帝又派兵征讨。清朝初期的文治武功(也就是文化和武力的统治),在这个时期都达到鼎盛的程度。乾隆皇帝下令要求省级官员收集和购买各种书籍并上交。 所以他下令焚烧所有这些书籍。公元1762年清朝在新疆设置伊犁将军,加强对天山南北的管理。至于陆六良,黄道洲等反清文人的作品,更何况。
but regardless of emperor qianlong's motives,this huge "siku quanshu" has been compiled,and it's preserved.the scholars who compiled the "siku quanshu" edited, edited and copied a large number of books,it took a full ten years,it was officially completed in 1872 ad,a total of 3,503 books were collected,seventy-nine thousand three hundred and thirty-seven volumes.at that time, i copied seven parts of the whole book,they were stored in the imperial palace, old summer palace, jehol palace (now chengde, hebei), fengtian, (now shenyang) hangzhou, zhenjiang, and yangzhou (three of them were later burned down in the war).this pair of descendants study the rich cultural heritage of ancient my country,after all, it is a major and precious contribution.as for banning and destroying a batch of books,of course it caused losses to our culture,but this kind of prohibition cannot be thorough.at that time, there were many people who loved cultural relics,at the risk of going to jail and beheading,隐藏了许多有价值的书籍。检查后在明末的部长级纪念馆中发现,说到清朝皇帝的祖先不太尊重例如, 他们的前任已经接受了明朝的官职和头衔,在乾隆皇帝眼里这是不雅的。还有成千上万万的书籍,贮藏在民间。
he finally figured out a way,is to concentrate the collection of books across the country,let's edit an unprecedentedly huge series.in this way, a large number of intellectuals can be further attracted,it shows that the emperor values culture; secondly, take this opportunity to review all the folk collections.it can be said to kill two birds with one stone.