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还拿到对应高校的降分

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然后,我们应该如何看待“科学管理”或“现场课程”等“教育改革”?是一点点微光还是梦想?是屠龙者还是尚未长大的龙?也许两者也许两者都不是。不要谈论大数据研究,JUST STARTING FROM EVERYONE'S LIFE EXPERIENCE,WE CAN FIND THAT THE LOCAL EDUCATION ECOLOGY HAS DETERIORATED OVER THE YEARS,ALTHOUGH COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES CONTINUE TO EXPAND THEIR ENROLLMENT,HOWEVER, QINGBEI, 985, AND 211 ARE STILL INCREASINGLY CONCENTRATED IN A FEW SCHOOLS.AND THERE IS NO REVERSAL.

直播课:“科学管理”的高科技翻版?

想必没人会反对这种顺利成章的发展,毕竟一所学校、一位校长、一方政府,借着一次大好机会,为自己的学子谋取福利,显然无可指摘。IN THIS REGARD,禄劝一中与平果中学的出口成绩与内部分化尽管仍未达到典型的中原地区“县中”的程度,但是其运作逻辑却已与县中相差无几了。如整个河北省的状况,为了维持地方教育不再溃败,各地不得不纷纷上马类似衡水模式的学校改革,于是全省高考招收总名额未变,校际生态并未改善(无非是从石家庄一中独占鳌头到现在两校抗衡,下层学校仍旧少有突破机会),反倒是所有教师与学生的压力都翻了几番——概言之,除去某位屠龙勇士变成巨龙之外,教育不均衡并未有任何改善。它们的共同特征是,对单个学校或少数学校的出口成绩改善有着相当的效果,因此也能帮助最先改革成功的学校进入正向的发展循环,然而每当这些改革措施被广泛学习,轻则水土不服,因资源不足等原因无法有效推进,重则反而使得地方教育更加衰败。有人会反驳说,地方提高了教育投入至少是好事,但与认为新的教学工具提高了整体教育质量的论调相同,这样的反驳同样忽略了地方性的财政资助的具体去向。 我们的孤独就像天空中漂浮的城市,仿佛是一个秘密,却无从述说。当我们在为“直播课”而兴奋时,触动我们神经的绝不是“直播课”本身,而是整个故事中流露出来的善意与光芒。

OF COURSE,A POTENTIAL COUNTERARGUMENT IS: ALTHOUGH THE QUALITY OF ADMISSIONS HAS NOT IMPROVED,BUT BY INTRODUCING LIVE LESSONS,HAS THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION IN ALL SCHOOLS IMPROVED EQUALLY?INDEED,无论是“科学管理”还是“现场课堂”,ALTHOUGH IT WILL LOSE ITS ROLE IN IMPROVING THE STRUCTURAL STATUS OF THE SCHOOL IN THE PROCESS OF LARGE-SCALE PROMOTION,BUT IMPROVING TEACHING ITSELF IS ALSO A MANIFESTATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS.NATURAL,ATTENTION TO THE LOCAL EDUCATION ECOLOGY DOES NOT MEAN DENYING THE RIGHT OF INDIVIDUAL STUDENTS OR TEACHERS TO MOVE TO BIG CITIES.BUT AS WE KNOW,THE HIGHER THE SCHOOL, THE EASIER IT IS TO OBTAIN THE NECESSARY FINANCIAL, POLICY AND EVEN VARIOUS INFORMAL RESOURCES.SO THE WHOLE PROCESS OF EXTRACTION IS NOT ONLY ABOUT THE MARKET OR FREE FLOW,IT'S MORE ABOUT THE INITIAL STRUCTURAL INJUSTICE,IT CAN EVEN BE SAID THAT FROM BEGINNING TO END,THERE IS NOTHING NEW IN THIS STORY,BUT IT IS JUST THE SELF-REPRODUCTION OF STRUCTURAL INJUSTICE OR COMPARTMENTALIZATION.IT IS BECAUSE THE DARKNESS IS TOO LONG,THAT LITTLE STARLIGHT WILL LOOK SO DAZZLING,TEMPTING US TO USE THAT SCREEN AS A MAGIC MIRROR,IT SEEMS THAT AN ANGEL WHO CAN SAVE EVERYTHING CAN BE SUMMONED FROM IT.LOOKING BACK AT THE SENTENCE POSTED IN THE LOBBY OF LUQUAN NO. 1 MIDDLE SCHOOL'S TEACHING BUILDING, "257 STUDENTS BEFORE THE COUNTY'S HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION APPLY FOR KUNMING SCHOOL",IT'S MORE THAN JUST A "SECRET COMPETITION" WITH KUNMING SCHOOL,THAT IS DISSATISFACTION WITH THE FATE OF THE WHOLE SCHOOL,IT IS ALSO AN IRONY OF THE TIMES: IN ORDER TO SAVE THE FATE OF THE SCHOOL,NOW THE COUNTIES HAVE TO TURN TO THE PROVINCIAL CAPITAL HIGH SCHOOLS THAT ONCE DESTROYED THEM.实际上,尽管近年来地方政府在教育方面投入越来越多,但是由于系统限制,这些投资大部分基于硬件,而且不能真正为老师实施补贴,它还无法从根本上扭转当地教师的状况,在这种情况下,类似“直播课”这样的“软硬兼顾”的方式自然是一步好棋,而是步“好棋”背后还掩藏着更加复杂的逻辑。在此意义上,县中所面临的根本矛盾或许并非政府投入的资源不足,而是整个地方教育生态缺乏良好的生态与造血能力,地方教育逐渐成为了“悬浮型教育”,无法从自身获取充足的能量

说去吧,TO FACE THE BRONZE MIRROR,DREAMING ABOUT FLAMES REPEATEDLY.STANDING ON THE NODE OF THE MOMENT AND LOOKING BACK,IT'S EASY TO REALIZE THATTHROUGHOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF HENGSHUI MIDDLE SCHOOL,"SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT" WAS ONLY THE TOOL WHEN IT FIRST FLOURISHED.WHEN THE WHOLE SCHOOL NEEDS TO COMPETE WITH THE TOP HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE PROVINCE,PLAYING A KEY ROLE IS NOT SO MUCH THE "SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT" OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS,RATHER, IT IS AN ABSORPTION OF OUTSTANDING STUDENTS AND TEACHERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD.

GO AHEAD,去心中找那点光亮.然而,倘若将这段描述与衡水中学的发迹史进行一番比对,我们将很快发现,两所地位截然不同的学校——一个是位于中部地区,不断汲取地方生源、师资的超级中学,一个则是西南民族地区,优秀生源近乎全部外流的县中——竟然有着近乎相同的发展模式,只不过前者已经发展到了顶峰,后者则方兴未艾、前途可期。我们看到,国家出台了贫困专项计划,于是类似禄劝与平果这样的少数民族地区,学生常常能在保有少数民族加分(10或20)还拿到对应高校的降分,考上好大学变得更加容易了;地方政府几乎都加大了对地方教育的投资,部分学校甚至还拿到了一些擦边球式的政策;县中们则对应引入了科学管理、直播课、名校试卷、代培生等诸多制度,部分学校也借助地方政策开始跨区招收师生,试图提振学校的出口……

我们还能说什么呢?

2019届高三一轮精品资料汇编2019高三一轮复习重点专题精选

恰好在近两个月前,《看天下》也发了一篇关注平果中学“直播班”的文章,或许是标题不够吸引人,或许是没有列出勾人眼球的数据,这篇文章没有激起大范围的讨论-不过至少两篇文章中呈现出来的情况差异提醒了我们,校级比对可能是一个进入县中问题的便利视野。当越多学校约会了来自名校的直播课,直播课带来的相对教育优势便越小,学生的相对升学优势也就越小,除去全省学生的平均分高了以外,整个教育系统并不会发生根本性的改变。

2019 GENERAL COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION REGISTRATION BY LOCALITIES 2019 NATIONAL PROVINCIAL AND MUNICIPAL COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM SYLLABUS EXPLANATION AND PROFESSIONAL INTERPRETATION OF COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION

NEW POLICIES FOR COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS IN 2019

参照“科学管理”在整个河北乃至中原地区扩散的历程,我们不难想象“直播课”大面积推广后的状态:除去最早的那些切实获得了“直播课”红利的学校,其他引入直播课的学校很可能也提升了教学质量,然而却难以在高考这场零和博弈中提高升学质量。

尽管这样表述有些残忍,但我们很难不认为,今日禄劝一中的“直播课”正是二十年前衡水中学“科学管理”的高科技翻版。因此甚至两个形式上几乎一致,但高中约会的“直播课”与前些年兴盛的MOOC完全是两个世界与理念下的产物,如果说上方的目的是“教育平权”,那么前者的核心目的从一开始就是“考试能力平权”,教育平权不过是其附赠品。

PREPARING FOR THE 2019 COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION

MAY WISH TO MAKE A NON-HUMAN BUT REASONABLE SPECULATION: SEEING SUCH POSITIVE COMMENTS FROM THE MEDIA AND THE PUBLIC,THE COUNTY'S LEADERS HAVE GREATLY INCREASED THEIR CONFIDENCE,CONTINUE TO INCREASE INVESTMENT IN THE SCHOOL,AND RAISE THE DEVELOPMENT PRIORITY OF THE SCHOOL,STRIVE TO WIN THE TITLE OF EXEMPLARY HIGH SCHOOL FOR THE SCHOOL; LUQUAN LOCAL STUDENTS AND STUDENTS FROM SURROUNDING AREAS ARE ENCOURAGED BY THE MEDIA AND THE EXPORT RESULTS OF THE COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION.THE OUTFLOW OF OUTSTANDING STUDENTS WILL DECREASE SIGNIFICANTLY IN THE COMING YEAR.AT THE SAME TIME,THE MIDDLE SCHOOL ALSO WON MORE FUNDS AND POLICY SUPPORT,START TO RECRUIT MORE OUTSTANDING STUDENTS AND TEACHERS FROM SURROUNDING AREAS,THE STRUCTURE OF STUDENTS AND THE QUALITY OF TEACHERS ARE GRADUALLY IMPROVING; OFFICIALS AT ALL LEVELS SEE RELEVANT REPORTS AND DISCUSSIONS,I THINK THIS MODEL IS WORTH PROMOTING,DECIDED TO PROVIDE A SPECIAL FUND TO SUPPORT THE BACKWARD LOCAL MIDDLE SCHOOLS TO PROMOTE THE CONSTRUCTION OF RELATED TEACHING MODELS,PRINCIPALS AND TEACHERS FROM ALL OVER THE COUNTRY SUCCESSIVELY WENT TO LUQUAN TO LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE.

各地历年高中期末考试试题汇总高三第四次(12月)月考联考题

无论屏幕是否真的改变了县中孩子们的命运,可以确定的是,在冰点周刊发出《这块屏幕可能改变命运》一文后,禄劝一中的命运彻底改变了。

2019 HIGH SCHOOL SENIOR YEAR ROUND OF REVIEW AND COMPILATION OF ALL DISCIPLINES

IN THE INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GRASSROOTS GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY,ZHOU FEIZHOU CALLED THE BASIC GOVERNMENT FORM THAT NO LONGER RELIES ON RURAL TAXES AND FEES BUT RELIES ON HIGHER-LEVEL TRANSFER PAYMENTS AS A "SUSPENDED REGIME."

倘若不对禄劝一中们的未来进行任何想象,仅仅关注它们的过去,或是在它们之间进行相互比对,我们是否能获得一个不太一样的图景?

AS TODAY'S DISCUSSION OFTEN MIXES CONCEPTS SUCH AS “SUPER MIDDLE SCHOOL” AND “COUNTY MIDDLE SCHOOL”,WE NEED TO CLARIFY IN ADVANCE,THE BIGGEST DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE “COUNTY MIDDLE SCHOOL” AND THE “SUPER MIDDLE SCHOOL” MENTIONED HERE IS THE LACK OF RESOURCE ABSORPTION CAPACITY FOR THE SURROUNDING AREAS AND THE WHOLE PROVINCE.THEREFORE, THE MODE OF OPERATION IS VERY DIFFERENT FROM THAT OF SUPER HIGH SCHOOLS.

就此而言,EVEN IF THE COUNTIES ARE ALL CITIES IN THE SKY THAT CANNOT BE LANDED,EVEN IF THE LIVE BROADCAST CAN ONLY IMPROVE THE CONDITION OF VERY FEW SCHOOLS AND STUDENTS,EVEN IF ALL THESE REFORMS ARE DESTINED TO STRENGTHEN RATHER THAN WEAKEN EDUCATIONAL IMBALANCES,SO WHAT?THE KEY IS TO OPEN A WINDOW IN THE DARK CITY,LET ALL CHILDREN FEEL THE "POSSIBILITY OF INTELLECTUAL EQUALITY",LET THEM KNOW,THE "GENIUSES" IN THOSE SCREENS ARE JUST THE "DARLINGS" OF THE WORLD,IT HAPPENS TO HAVE BETTER BACKGROUND AND EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES; LET THEM KNOW,EVEN IF THE TIMES ARE BAD,EVEN IF ALL THE FESTIVITIES ARE CAPTURED BY OTHERS,AS LONG AS WE RECOGNIZE THE POSSIBILITY OF EQUALITY,THEN THERE IS A DIFFERENT FUTURE.

面对这种不满,国家,地方政府和县中们都做了很多努力。不妨这么说,今天的“现场课堂”不仅可以与以前的“科学管理”相提并论,它也是“从着名学校购买材料”系统的扩展, “定期学习”, 和“其他学校的替代培训”。核心逻辑是,本地学校使用金钱来交换曾经属于它们的高质量教学资源-区别仅在于“从有名望的学校购买材料”的模式下, “定期学习”或“现场课程”。该县的教师有机会通过培训不断提高他们的教学能力,最近几年, 出现的大规模“日常培训”是直接用钱来换取学校的出口成果。但是我们应该看到在应试教育方面的所有改进,WHETHER IT'S "SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT" OR "LIVE CLASS",其实质是加强考试能力的发展,或了解考试内容,从广义上甚至在冲突上,考试能力的训练与教育完全不同。我们无意反驳这种逻辑,如前面提到的,学校, 一个校长,为学生寻求福利是该问题的预期含义。然而, 具有讽刺意味的是,郡县模式的确是,鹿泉一号等学校 1中学和平果中学,实际上, 在过去的二十年中 上级中学(尤其是省会中学)继续吸收资源并逐渐下降。

然而,所有这些努力却都是在旧有的“拔尖”式框架下进行的改良,注定只能改变少数几所学校的命运,并通过提高竞争门槛,将更多的学校抛入深渊。以中原地区最典型的县中之一“郸城一高”为例,该校尽管每年能培养出几十位清华北大的学生,高分段学生数量在河南省数一数二,然而与同等级的学校(如郑州一中)相比,其三四成的一本率却又不及其一半。

究其根本,丹城一高这样典型的县中实际上是把校际的汲取逻辑转换到一个学校之内:如果说省会超级中学是靠汲取地方的师生来维持高出口指标,那么典型的县中模式便是在校内建立起一个上下层次关系,通过大批量的招生(一级近五千人),用从95%的学生那里获得的资源来投入到最顶尖5%的学生那里,用校内极端的两极分化将牌面撑起来。

悬浮型教育和平等的可能光亮

BY COMPARING "SUPER MIDDLE SCHOOL" WITH "COUNTY MIDDLE SCHOOL",EASY TO FIND,ALTHOUGH THE SPECIFIC OPERATION MODE OF THE TWO IS FAR FROM THE TEST DATA,BUT ITS CORE IDEA OF CONTINUOUSLY POOLING RESOURCES TO TOP-NOTCH EXPORTS IS COMPLETELY THE SAME.IT'S JUST THAT THE SUPER MIDDLE SCHOOL HAS A POLICY OR GEOGRAPHIC ADVANTAGE,CAN ACHIEVE CROSS-REGIONAL RESOURCE EXTRACTION,THE COUNTY CAN ONLY BUILD THE ENTIRE ECOLOGY INTERNALLY.("CASTLE IN THE SKY")

来源:澎湃新闻

如果两者本质上是同一种发展逻辑下的产物,那么为何舆论场中的衡水中学总是要背上污名,禄劝一中却成为了新时代教育问题的药方?ONE POSSIBLE EXPLANATION IS,THE AMNESIA OF THE TIMES MAKES US ALL LOSE THE SENSE OF HISTORY: ONLY TEN YEARS AGO,WHEN HENGSHUI MIDDLE SCHOOL AS A LOCAL MIDDLE SCHOOL STRUGGLED AGAINST THE PROVINCIAL CAPITAL OF SHIJIAZHUANG NO. 1 MIDDLE SCHOOL AND GRADUALLY WON,THE MAINSTREAM MEDIA ALSO UNDERSTOOD THE VICTORY OF HENGSHUI MIDDLE SCHOOL AS A "VICTORY FOR THE COMMON PEOPLE."AND SUMMED UP THE SECRET OF HENGSHUI MIDDLE SCHOOL AS "SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT",FOR A WHILE, SCHOOLS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY WENT TO STUDY.

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